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# Đề thi thử THPT QG năm 2018 môn Tiếng Anh - THPT Chuyên Thái Nguyên

60 phút 50 câu 236 lượt thi
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## Câu hỏi trắc nghiệm (50 câu):

• Câu 1: Mã câu hỏi: 31771

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.

• A. critical
• B. solution
• C. perform
• D. reaction
• Câu 2: Mã câu hỏi: 31773

• A. alteration
• B. observe
• C. achievement
• D. specific
• Câu 3: Mã câu hỏi: 31778

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.

What were some of the things that brought ______ the Resolution?

• A. around
• B. up
• C. on
• Câu 4: Mã câu hỏi: 31779

Poor management brought the company to______ of collapse.

• A. the ring
• B. the edge
• C. the brink
• D. the foot
• Câu 5: Mã câu hỏi: 31781

John ______ this task yesterday morning, but I did it for him. He owes me a thank-you.

• A. must have completed
• B. may have completed
• C. should have completed
• D. could have completed
• Câu 6: Mã câu hỏi: 31785

I may look half asleep, but I can assure you I am ______ awake.

• B. well
• C. full
• D. wide
• Câu 7: Mã câu hỏi: 31786

I suggest the room ______ before Christmas.

• A. should decorate
• B. is decorated
• C. were decorated
• D. be decorated
• Câu 8: Mã câu hỏi: 31788

It is time every student ______ harder for the coming exam.

• A. worked
• B. should work
• C. works
• D. work
• Câu 9: Mã câu hỏi: 31791

Mr. Simpkims is the big ______ in the company as he has just been promoted to the position of Managing Director.

• B. meat
• C. cheese
• D. apple
• Câu 10: Mã câu hỏi: 31800

She is so ______ to her children that she has decided to quit her job to stay at home and look after them.

• A. persistent
• B. kind
• C. responsible
• D. devoted
• Câu 11: Mã câu hỏi: 31806

The new sports complex ______ will accommodate an Olympic-sized swimming pool and others including fitness center, and a spa, to name just a few.

• A. supplies
• B. facilities
• C. categories
• D. qualities
• Câu 12: Mã câu hỏi: 31808

There ______ a number of reasons for the fall of the Roman Empire.

• A. are said being
• B. are said to have been
• C. said to be
• D. was said being
• Câu 13: Mã câu hỏi: 31811

It’s silly of him to spend a lot of money buying ______.

• A. a thick old wooden table
• B. a thick wooden old table
• C. an old wooden thick table
• D. a wooden thick old table
• Câu 14: Mã câu hỏi: 31812

It’s important to project a(n) ______ image during the interview.

• A. optimistic
• B. cheerful
• C. positive
• D. upbeat
• Câu 15: Mã câu hỏi: 31817

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

This new magazine is known for its comprehensive coverage of news.

• A. superficial
• B. indifferent
• C. casual
• Câu 16: Mã câu hỏi: 31818

James could not tell his parents about his many animal friends in the forest and the exciting things that he saw, but he found another way to express himself.

• A. speak with voice
• B. keep silent
• C. write his thoughts
• D. communicate
• Câu 17: Mã câu hỏi: 31819

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the most suitable response to complete each of the following exchanges.

A man is talking to Alex when he is on holiday in Paris,

The man: “You haven’t lived here long, have you?”

Alex: “__________.”

• A. Yes, I have just moved here
• B. No, only three months
• C. Yes, just a few days
• D. No, I live here for a long time
• Câu 18: Mã câu hỏi: 31820

Susan shared with her friend about her losing purse.

Susan: “I have lost my purse.”

Her friend: “___________.”

• A. It’s careless
• B. Oh, what a pity
• C. That’s nothing
• D. Oh, be careful
• Câu 19: Mã câu hỏi: 31821

Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.

Next week, when there will be an English club held here, I will give you more information about it.

• A. there will be
• B. held
• C. will give
• Câu 20: Mã câu hỏi: 31825

Many of the important products obtained from trees, one of the most important is wood pulp, which is used in paper-making.

• A. Many of the
• B. obtained
• C. the most
• D. paper-making
• Câu 21: Mã câu hỏi: 31827

It is believed that in the near future robots will be used to doing things such as cooking.

• A. is believed
• B. in the near future
• C. be used to doing
• D. such as
• Câu 22: Mã câu hỏi: 31830

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.

Pitchforks were once carved entirely from wood, but today the have steel tines and wooden handle.

• A. in the meantime
• B. in one area
• C. formerly
• D. sometimes
• Câu 23: Mã câu hỏi: 31835

Her style of dress accentuated her extreme slenderness.

• A. betrayed
• B. emphasized
• C. revealed
• D. disfigured
• Câu 24: Mã câu hỏi: 31842

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.

• A. opponent
• B. compose
• C. podium
• Câu 25: Mã câu hỏi: 31845

• A. competitor
• B. illegal
• C. epidemic
• D. education
• Câu 26: Mã câu hỏi: 31847

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that is closest in meaning to each of the following questions.

The president offered his congratulations to the players when they won the cup.

• A. The president congratulated the players on their winning the match.
• B. When they won the cup, the players had been offered some congratulations from the president.
• C. The president would offered the players congratulations if they won the match.
• D. The president congratulated that the players had won the cup.
• Câu 27: Mã câu hỏi: 31848

A house in that district will cost at least $100,000. • A. If you have$100,000, you can buy a house in that district.
• B. You won’t be able to buy a house in that district for less than $100,000. • C. You won’t be able to buy a house in that district for more than$100,000.
• D. \$100,000 is the maximum price for a house in that district.
• Câu 28: Mã câu hỏi: 31864

To get to work on time, they have to leave at 6.00am.

• A. They always leave for work at 6.00am.
• B. They have to leave very early to catch a bus to work.
• C. Getting to work on time, for them, means leaving at 6.00am.
• D. Leaving at 6.00am, they have never been late for work.
• Câu 29: Mã câu hỏi: 31866

Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.

The new restaurant looks good. However, it seems to have few customers.

• A. In order to get more business, the new restaurant should improve its appearance.
• B. If it had a few more customers, the new restaurant would look better.
• C. The new restaurant would have more customers if it looked better.
• D. In spite of its appearance, the new restaurant does not appear to attract much business.
• Câu 30: Mã câu hỏi: 31867

No one but the experts was able to realize that the painting was an imitation. It greatly resembled the original.

• A. It was hard for ordinary people to judge between the fake painting and the real one, but not for the experts.
• B. It was almost impossible for amateurs to realize that the painting was not authentic, though the experts could judge it quite easily.
• C. The painting looked so much like the authentic one that only the experts could tell it wan’t genuine.
• D. It was obvious that only a person with great talent could fake a painting so successfully.
• Câu 31: Mã câu hỏi: 31868

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

A considerable body of research has demonstrated a correlation between birth order and aspects such as temperament and behavior, and some psychologists believe that birth order significantly affects the development of personality. Psychologist Alfred Adler was a pioneer in the study of the relationship between birth order and personality. A key point in his research and in the hypothesis that he developed based on it was that it was not the actual numerical birth position that affected personality; instead, it was the similar responses in large numbers of families to children in specific birth order positions that had an effect. For example, first-borns, who have their parents to themselves initially and do not have to deal with siblings in the first part of their lives, tend to have their first socialization experiences with adults and therefore tend to find the process of peer socialization more difficult. In contrast, later-born children have to deal with siblings from the first moment of their lives and therefore tend to have stronger socialization skills.

Numerous studies since Adler’s have been conducted on the effect of birth order and personality. These studies have tended to classify birth order types into four different categories: first-born, second-born and/or middle, last, and only child.

Studies have consistently shown that first-born children tend to exhibit similar, positive and negative personality traits. First-borns have consistently been linked with academic achievement in various studies; in one study, the number of National Merit scholarship winners who are first-borns was found to be equal to the number of second-and third-borns combined. First-borns have been found to be more responsible and assertive than those born in other birth-order positions and tend to rise to positions of leadership more often than others; more first-borns have served in the U.S. Congress and as U.S. presidents than have those born in other birth-orderpositions. However, studies have shown that first-borns tend to be more subject to stress and were considered problem children more often than later-borns.

Second-born and/or middle children demonstrate markedly different tendencies from first-borns. They tend to feel inferior to the older child or children because it is difficult for them to comprehend that their lower level of achievement is a function of age rather than ability, and they often try to succeed in areas other than those in which their older sibling or siblings excel. They tend to be more trusting, accepting, and focused on others than the more self-centered first-borns, and they tend to have a comparatively higher level of success in team sports than do first-borns or only children, who more often excel in individual sports.

The last-born child is the one who tends to be the eternal baby of the family and thus often exhibits a strong sense of security. Last-borns collectively achieve the highest degree of social success and demonstrate the highest levels of self-esteem of all the birth-order positions. They often exhibit less competitiveness than older brothers and sisters and are more likely to take part in less competitive group games or in social organizations such as sororities and fraternities.

Only children tend to exhibit some of the main characteristics of first-borns and some of the characteristics of last-borns. Only children tend to exhibit the strong sense of security and self-esteem exhibited by last-borns while, like first-borns, they are more achievement oriented and more likely than middle-or last-borns to achieve academic success. However, only children tend to have the most problems establishing close relationships and exhibit a lower need for affiliation than other children.

The word “body” in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by________.

• A. amount
• B. organization
• C. corpse
• D.  skeleton
• Câu 32: Mã câu hỏi: 31869

The word “key” in paragraph 1 could best be replaced by________.

• A. secret
• B. studied
• C. significant
• D. locked
• Câu 33: Mã câu hỏi: 31871

The word “it” in paragraph 1 refers to________.

• A. component
• B. research
• C. hypothesis
• D. personality
• Câu 34: Mã câu hỏi: 31872

• A. He had found that the responses by family members had little to do with personality.
• B. He believed that it was the actual birth order that affected personality.
• C. He was one of the first to study the effect of birth order on personality.
• D. He was the only one to study birth order.
• Câu 35: Mã câu hỏi: 31873

Which of the sentences below expresses the essential information in the italic sentence in paragraph 3?

Incorrect choices change the meaning in important ways or leave out essential information.

• A. Because first-borns tend to be very assertive, they are uncomfortable serving in government positions.
• B. Several examples support the idea that first-borns have characteristics that make them leaders.
• C. An interesting fact that is difficult to explain is that many first-borns have served in high government positions.
• D. In spite of certain characteristics that first-borns possess, many of them become leaders.
• Câu 36: Mã câu hỏi: 31874

The word “accepting” in paragraph 4 is closest in meaning to________.

• A. respectable
• B. affectionate
• D. tolerant
• Câu 37: Mã câu hỏi: 31875

Which of the following is NOT true?

• A. Middle children tend to have a preference for team sports.
• B. First-borns tend to do well in individual sports.
• C. Only children tend to prefer individual over team sports.
• D. Last-borns tend to prefer games with fierce competition.
• Câu 38: Mã câu hỏi: 31876

The phrase “more achievement oriented” in the paragraph 6 is closest in meaning to ________.

• A. more skilled as leaders
• B. more aware of surroundings
• C. more directly involved
• D. more focused on accomplishments
• Câu 39: Mã câu hỏi: 31877

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct word or phrase that best fits each of the numbered blanks

An important point to remember if you like spending time out in the open air is that the human head doesn’t work very well outdoors if it becomes too hot, cold or wet. That’s why a hat is a good investment, whenever you are planning to go out and about. Surprisingly, a single waterproof hat with a brim will do the (39)______ adequately in most conditions.

In cold climates, the problem is that the head is (40)______ heat all the time. As much as fifty to sixty per cent of your body’s heat is lost through the head and neck, (41)______ on which scientist you believe. Clearly this heat loss needs to be prevented, but it’s important to remember that hats don’t actually keep you warm, they simply stop heat escaping.

Just as important is the need to protect your neck from the effects of bright sunlight, and the brim of your hat will do this. If you prefer a baseball cap, (42)______ buying one that has a drop down ‘tail’ at the back to stop your neck getting sunburnt.

And in wet weather (43)______, hats are often more practical than pooling up the hood of your waterproof coat because when you turn your head, the hat goes with you, whereas the hood usually does not.

• A. role
• B. duty
• C. job
• Câu 40: Mã câu hỏi: 31878

• A. giving away
• B. sending out
• C. running down
• D. dropping off
• Câu 41: Mã câu hỏi: 31879

• A. regarding
• B. relating
• C. depending
• D. according
• Câu 42: Mã câu hỏi: 31880

• B. suggest
• C. recommend
• D. consider
• Câu 43: Mã câu hỏi: 31881

• A. conditions
• B. cases
• C. occasions
• D. positions
• Câu 44: Mã câu hỏi: 31882

Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions

Certainly no creature in the sea is odder than the common sea cucumber. All living creature, especially human beings, have their peculiarities, but everything about the little sea cucumber seems unusual. What else can be said about a bizarre animal that, among other eccentricities, eats mud, feeds almost continuously day and night but can live without eating for long periods, and can be poisonous but is considered supremely edible by gourmets?

For some fifty million years, despite all its eccentricities, the sea cucumber has subsisted on its diet of mud. It is adaptable enough to live attached to rocks by its tube feet, under rocks in shallow water, or on the surface of mud flats. Common in cool water on both Atlantic and Pacific shores, it has the ability to such up mud or sand and digest whatever nutrients are present.

Sea cucumbers come in a variety of colors, ranging from black to reddish-brown to sand-color and nearly white. One form even has vivid purple tentacle. Usually the creatures are cucumber-shaped-hence their name-and because they are typically rock inhabitants, this shape, combine with flexibility, enables them to squeeze into crevices where they are safe from predators and ocean currents.

Although they have voracious appetites, eating day and night, sea cucumbers have the capacity to become quiescent and live at a low metabolic rate-feeding sparingly or not at all for long periods, so that the marine organisms that provide their food have a chance to multiply. If it were not for this faculty, they would devour all the food available in a short time and would probably starve themselves out of existence.

But the most spectacular thing about the sea cucumber is the way it defends itself. Its major enemies are fish and crabs, when attacked, it squirts all its internal organs into the water. It also casts off attached structures such as tentacles. The sea cucumber will eviscerate and regenerate itself if it is attached or even touched; it will do the same if the surrounding water temperature is too high or if the water becomes too polluted.

What does the passage mainly discuss?

• A. Places where the sea cucumber can be found
• B. The reason for the sea cucumber’s name
• C. How to identify the sea cucumber
• D. What makes the sea cucumber unusual
• Câu 45: Mã câu hỏi: 31883

The word “bizarre” is closest meaning to

• A. rare
• B. simple
• C. marine
• D. odd
• Câu 46: Mã câu hỏi: 31884

The fourth paragraph of the passage primarily discusses

• A. the eating habits of sea cucumbers
• B. the food sources of sea cucumbers
• C. the reproduction of sea cucumbers
• D. threats to sea cucumbers’ existence
• Câu 47: Mã câu hỏi: 31885

According to the passage, why is the shape of sea cucumbers important?

• A. It makes them attractive to fish.
• B. It helps them to protect themselves from danger.
• C. It helps them to digest their food.
• D. It makes it easier for them to move through the mud.
• Câu 48: Mã câu hỏi: 31886

The phrase “casts off” is closest in meaning to

• A. gets rid of
• B. grows again
• C. grabs
• D. uses as a weapon
• Câu 49: Mã câu hỏi: 31887

The words “this faculty” refers to the sea cucumber’s ability to

• A. live at a low metabolic rate
• B. squeeze into crevices
• C. devour all available food in a short time
• D. suck up mud or sand
• Câu 50: Mã câu hỏi: 31888

What can be inferred about the defense mechanisms of the sea cucumber?

• A. They are very sensitive to surrounding stimuli.
• B. They are almost useless.
• C. They are similar to those of most sea creatures.
• D. They require group cooperation.