Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
Considered the most influential architect of his time, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959) was born in the small rural community of Richland Center, Wisconsin. He entered the University of Wisconsin at the age of 15 as a special student, studying engineering because the school had no course in architecture. At the age of 20 he then went to work as a draftsman in Chicago in order to learn the traditional, classical language of architecture. After marrying into a wealthy business family at the age of 21, Wright set up house in an exclusive neighborhood in Chicago, and after a few years of working for a number of architectural firms, set up his own architectural office.
For twenty years he brought up a family of six children upstairs, and ran a thriving architectural practice of twelve or so draftsmen downstairs. Here, in an idyllic American suburb, with giant oaks, sprawling lawns, and no fences, Wright built some sixty rambling homes by the year 1900. He became the leader of a style known as the “Prairie” school – houses with low–pitched roofs and extended lines that blended into the landscape and typified his style of “organic architecture”.
By the age of forty–one, in 1908, Wright had achieved extraordinary social and professional success. He gave countless lectures at major universities, and started his Taliesin Fellowship – a visionary social workshop in itself. In 1938 he appeared on the cover of Time magazine, and later, on a two cent stamp. The most spectacular buildings of his mature period were based on forms borrowed from nature, and the intentions were clearly romantic, poetic, and intensely personal. Examples of these buildings are Tokyo’s Imperial Hotel (1915–22: demolished 1968), and New York City’s Guggenheim Museum (completed 1959). He continued working until his death in 1959, at the age of 92, although in his later years, he spent as much time giving interviews and being a celebrity, as he did in designing buildings. Wright can be considered an essentially idiosyncratic architect whose influence was immense but whose pupils were few.Câu hỏi:
With which of the following subject is the passage mainly concerned?
- A. The development of modern architecture in America.
- B. The contributions of the “Prairie” School to modern architecture.
- C. The life and achievements of a famous architect.
- D. The influence of the style of “organic architecture” in America.
Lời giải tham khảo:
Đáp án đúng: C
Kiến thức: Đọc hiểu
Đoạn văn chủ yếu liên quan đến chủ đề nào?
A. Sự phát triển của kiến trúc hiện đại ở Mỹ.
B. Những đóng góp của trường phái “Prairie” đối với kiến trúc hiện đại.
C. Cuộc đời và thành tựu của một kiến trúc sư nổi tiếng.
D. Ảnh hưởng của phong cách “kiến trúc hữu cơ” ở Mỹ.
Thông tin: Considered the most influential architect of his time, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959) was born in the small rural community of Richland Center, Wisconsin. (Câu đầu tiên)
Wright can be considered an essentially idiosyncratic architect whose influence was immense but whose pupils were few. (Câu cuối cùng)
Tạm dịch: Được coi là kiến trúc sư có ảnh hưởng nhất trong thời đại của mình, Frank Lloyd Wright (1867–1959) sinh ra tại một vùng nông thôn nhỏ ở Trung tâm Richland, Wisconsin.
Wright có thể được coi là một kiến trúc sư cực kỳ khác biệt, có tầm ảnh hưởng lớn nhưng không có nhiều học sinh.
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