Unit 9 Tiếng Anh lớp 12 Bài viết Writing Deserts

5 trắc nghiệm

Bài học Unit 9 Deserts phần Writing giúp các em luyện tập viết về sa mạc Sahara lớn nhất thế giới. 

Tóm tắt bài

THE SAHARA DESERT

 Study the information in the table below and write a composition about the Sahara Desert.

(Nghiên cứu những thông tin trong bảng dưới đây và viết một bài văn ngắn về sa mạc Sahara)

 General information 
 Location
  • largest desert in the world
  • in northern Africa
  • extends from the Atlantic Ocean eastward past the Red Sea to Iraq
  • lies largely in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Sudan
 Area  
  • total area: more than 9,065.000 sq km
  • 1,610 km wide and about 5,150 km long from east to west

 Natural 

 features

 
  • arid land, dry climate (moisture is almost totally absent), very hot in summer and very cold in winter
  • few oases exist
  • sandy land and large dunes of sand
  • tableland with an average elevation from 400 to 500 m

 Trees 

 and 

 animals

 
  • few forms of animal and vegetable life
  • main trees: cactus, the date palm, and a form of acacia
  • main animals: gazelle, antelope, fox, jackal, camel

 

Guide to answer

Example 1

The Sahara Desert, the largest desert in the world, is located in the northern Africa and occupied approximately 10 percent of the African continent.  From the Atlantic Ocean in the west, the Sahara Desert stretches across Africa to the Red Sea and down to the highlands of Ethiopia, covering an area of 9,100 000 square kilometres, 1,610 kilometres wide and about 5,150 kilometres long from east to west.

The Sahara is one of the hottest region in the world, with arid land, and dry climate. In the hottest months, temperatures can rise over 50°c, and temperatures can fall below freezing point in winter. A single daily variation is from -0,5° c to 37,5°c. The Sahara is also extreme windy, which creates dust devils which can make the temperatures even hotter.

The surface of the desert ranges from large areas of sand dunes to stone plateaus, gravel plains, dry valleys and salt flats. People can find some tablelands with an average elevation from 400 to 500 metres. Very few forms of animal and vegetable life can be seen in the Sahara. Plants and animals of the Sahara are more threatened by desiccation than the fauna and flora in other parts. The main trees can be seen are cactus, date palm and a form of Acacia.

In the vast area of sand and wind, people can find some species of mammals such as desert antelopes, gazelle, fox and jackal. Besides, there are some species of birds and reptiles.

The Sahara Desert is not well-protected. Unless people take appropriate measures to preserve, the flora and fauna of the Sahara is critically threatened with extinction.

Example 2

Sahara desert is the largest one in the world. It is in northern Africa. It extends from the Atlantic Ocean eastland past the Red Sea to Iraq. The desert lies largely in Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Mauritania, Mali, Niger and Sudan. Its total area is more than 9,065,000 sq km. It's 1,610 km wide and about 5,150 km long from east to west. The land is arid and the climate is dry. It's very hot in summer and very cold in winter. There're few oases in the desert. There is sandy land and large dunes of sand. Tableland's average elevation from 400 - 500 m. There are few forms of animal and vegetable life. The main trees are cactus, the date palm, and a form of acacia. Its main animals are gazelle, antelope, fox, jackal and camel.

Bài tập minh họa

Read the information in the table and write a composition about Sonoran Desert.

General information 

 Location
  • one of the largest and hottest deserts 
  • in North America
  • expands part of the United States - Mexico border
  • Arizona and California and the Mexican states
 Area             
  • total area: 311,000 km2.

 Natural 

 features         

  •  considered the wettest desert in the world, receiving 3 to 15 inches per year
  • home to seventeen aboriginal American cultures

 Trees and 

 animals              

  •  60 mammal species, 350 bird species, 20 amphibian species, more than 100 reptile species, 30 native fish species, and more than 2000 native plant species
  • plant from the agave family, palm family, cactus family, legume family, and many others
  • the only place in the world where the famous saguaro cactus grows in the wild.

 

Guide to answer

The Sonoran Desert is a North American desert which expands part of the United States - Mexico border and covers large parts of Arizona and California and the Mexican states. It is one of the largest and hottest deserts in North America, with an area of 311,000 km2.

The Sonoran Desert contains a variety of unique plants and animals. The desert includes 60 mammal species, 350 bird species, 20 amphibian species, more than 100 reptile species, 30 native fish species, and more than 2000 native plant species. Despite the common stereotype that it does not rain in deserts, the Sonoran Desert is considered the wettest desert in the world, receiving 3 to 15 inches per year (depending on location in the desert).

Many plants not only survive the harsh conditions of the Sonoran Desert, but they actually thrive. Many have evolved to have specialized adaptations to the desert climate. The Sonoran Desert includes such plant from the agave family, palm family, cactus family, legume family, and many others. This desert is the only place in the world where the famous saguaro cactus grows in the wild.

The desert is home to seventeen aboriginal American cultures. The largest city in the Sonoran Desert is Phoenix, Arizona, the USA. This metropolitan area in central Arizona is one of the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States, with a population of 4 million. In the North Phoenix area, desert is losing ground to development at a rate of approximately 4,000 m2 per hour. The next largest cities are Tucson, in southern Arizona, with a metro area population of around 900,000, and Mexicali, Baja California, Mexico, whose municipality also has a population of around 900,000. The municipality of Hermosillo, Sonora, Mexico has a population of around 700,000.

Lời kết

Như vậy là các em đã xem qua bài giảng phần Writing Unit 9 Deserts chương trình Tiếng Anh lớp 12 về sa mạc. Các em hãy cố gắng luyện tập thêm bài trắc nghiệm Unit 9 Lớp 12 Deserts Writing để phát triển kỹ năng viết bài mô tả về sa mạc. Nếu có gì chưa hiểu các em có thể đặt câu hỏi với cộng đồng Tiếng Anh HỌC247 ở mục hỏi đáp để được giải đáp nhanh nhất. Sau bài học Writing này các em chuyển qua bài học mới  Unit 9 Deserts - Language Focus kế tiếp. Chúc các em học tốt! 

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