Unit 14 Tiếng Anh lớp 11 Ngữ pháp Language Focus Recreation

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Bài học Unit 14 Reacreation phần Language Focus hướng dẫn các em điểm ngữ pháp về các cặp từ nối trong tiếng anh và một dạng cấu trúc câu đặc biệt "Câu chẻ".

Tóm tắt bài

1. Pronunciation

Phát âm /ts/- /dz/ - /ʧt/ - /ʤd/

2. Grammar

a. Conjunctions: both...and, not only... but also, either...or, neither...nor

  • BOTH + DANH TỪ+ AND + DANH TỪ: Khi có 2 chủ từ nối bởi BOTH... AND, động từ luôn luôn là số nhiều.
    • Ex: Both my father and my mother are over 50 years old.
  • NOT ONLY + DANH TỪ+ BUT ALSO + DANH TỪ: Khi có 2 chủ từ nối bởi NOT ONLY... BUT ALSO, động từ số ít hay số nhiều sẽ phụ thuộc vào chủ từ đứng sau but also là số ít hay số nhiều.
    • Ex: Not only Mr. Park but also Huong was surprised.

      Not only Mr. Park but also the students were surprised.

  • EITHER + DANH TỪ+ OR + DANH TỪ: Khi có 2 chủ từ nối bởi EITHER ... OR. động từ số ít hay số nhiều sẽ phụ thuộc vào chủ từ đứng sau Or là số ít hay số nhiều.
    • Ex: Either Uyen or Trang is here.

      Either Uyên or her friends are here.

  • NEITHER + DANH TỪ + NOR + DANH TỪ: Khi có 2 chủ từ nối bởi NEITHER... NOR, động từ số ít hay số nhiều sẽ phụ thuộc vào chủ từ đứng sau Nor là số ít hay số nhiều.
    • Ex: Neither Jackie nor Pat is going to 20 to work tomorrow.

      Neither Jackie nor the tutors are going to go to work tomorrow.

b. Cleft sentences in the passive (Câu chẻ ở dạng bị động)

  • Với danh từ / đại từ chỉ người: It + is / was + Noun / pronoun + who + be + V3/-ed…
    • Ex: Fans gave that singer a lot of flowers.
      → It was that singer who was given a lot of flowers.
  • Với danh từ chỉ vật: It + is / was + Noun + that + be + V3/-ed…
    • Ex 1: People talk about this film.
      → It is this film that is talked about.
    • Ex 2: Fans gave that singer a lot of flowers.
      → It was a lot of flowers that were given to that singer.

Unit 14 Language Focus Exercise 1

Combine the sentences using both...and, either...or, or neither...nor. (Nối câu bởi sử dụng both...and, either...or, hoặc neither...nor.)

  1. Jim is on holiday and so is Carol.
  2. George doesn't smoke and he doesn't drink.
  3. Jim hasn't got a car. Carol hasn't got a car, either.
  4. It was a very boring film. It was very long, too.
  5. Is that man's name Richard? Or is it Robert? It's one of the two.
  6. I haven't got time to go on holiday. And I haven't got the money.
  7. We can leave today or we can leave tomorrow - whichever you prefer.
  8. Helen lost her passport at the airport. She also lost her wallet there.
  9. There are good reasons for using bicycles in big cities: they are clean. They are also easy to park.
  10. On Friday evening, sometimes I go to the cinema, sometimes I stay home and watch TV.

Guide to answer

  1. Both Jim and Carol are on holiday.
  2. George neither smokes nor drinks.
  3. Neither Jim nor Carol has got a car.
  4. The film was both long and boring.
  5. That man's name is either Richard or Robert.
  6. I've got neither time nor money to so on holiday.
  7. We can leave either today or tomorrow.
  8. Helen lost both her passport and wallet at the airport.
  9. There are good reasons for using bicycles in big cities: They are both clean and easy to park.
  10. On Friday evening, I either so to the cinema or stay at home and watch TV.

Unit 14 Language Focus Exercise 2

Change the sentences into cleft sentences in the passive. (Đổi sang câu chẻ (câu nhấn mạnh) ở thể bị động.)

  1. Fans gave Christina lots of flowers.
  2. The pedestrian asked the policeman for direction to the post office.
  3. People talked a lot about his house.
  4. His father bought him a bicycle for his birthday.
  5. He describes his hometown in his novel. 
  6. She frightened the children.
  7. Her younger sister broke her glasses.
  8. The Prince kissed my younger sister at the party.
  9. My father gave me this story book as a birthday present.
  10. Vietnamese people celebrate Tet as the greatest occasion in a year.

Guide to answer

  1. It was Christina who/whom was given a lot of flowers by fans.
  2. It was the policeman who/whom was asked for direction to the post office.
  3. It was his house that was talked a lot about.
  4. It was the bicycle that was bought for him for his birthday.
  5. It was his hometown that was described in his novel.
  6. It was the children who were frightened.
  7. It was her glasses that were broken.
  8. It was my younger sister who was kissed at the party by the Prince.
  9. It was this story book that was given to me as a birthday present by my father.
  10. It is Tet that is celebrated as the greatest occasion in a year by the Vietnamese.

Bài tập minh họa

Exercise 1 Language Focus: Complete the sentences with both... (and); neither... (nor) or either...(or).

  1. I tried twice to phone George, but __ times he was out.
  2. Do you want tea or coffee? – _____ I really don't mind.
  3. I was invited to two parties last week, but I couldn't go to ___ of them.
  4. Where is Liz? Is she at work or at home? - ______. She's away on holiday.
  5. To get to the town center, you can go along the footpath by the river or you can go along the road. You can go ______ way.
  6. I saw an accident this morning. One car drove into the back of another. Fortunately, _____ driver was injured, but ______ cars were badly damaged.
  7. I can meet you next Monday or Friday. Would ____ of those days be convenient for you?
  8. John and I couldn't get into the house because ______ of us had a key.
  9. When shall I phone, in the morning or afternoon? - ______. I’ll be in all day.
  10. Sarah and I play tennis together regularly, but ______ of us can play well.

Key

  1. I tried twice to phone George, but both times he was out.
  2. Do you want tea or coffee? – Either I really don't mind.
  3. I was invited to two parties last week, but I couldn't go to both of them.
  4. Where is Liz? Is she at work or at home? - Neither. She's away on holiday.
  5. To get to the town center, you can go along the footpath by the river or you can go along the road. You can go either way.
  6. I saw an accident this morning. One car drove into the back of another. Fortunately, neither driver was injured, but both cars were badly damaged.
  7. I can meet you next Monday or Friday. Would either of those days be convenient for you?
  8. John and I couldn't get into the house because neither of us had a key.
  9. When shall I phone, in the morning or afternoon? - Either. I’ll be in all day.
  10. Sarah and I play tennis together regularly, but neither of us can play well.

Exercise 2 Language Focus: Rewrite the following sentences using the structure it is/ was ... that + passive voice.

  1. It was Mr. Johnson that every student respected to.
  2. It was in Bristol where they made the film.
  3. It was the manager that we saw.
  4. It was wine that we ordered.
  5. It is the English exam that the students most worry about.

Key

  1. It was Mr Johnson that was respected to by every student.
  2. It was in Bristol that the film was made.
  3. It was the manager that was seen.
  4. It was wine that was .ordered.
  5. It is the English exam that is most worried about by the students.

-- Mod Tiếng Anh 11 HỌC247

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