Unit 4 lớp 10 Language Focus - Ngữ pháp Special Education


Bài học Language Focus Unit 4 Lớp 10 - Special Education hướng dẫn các em một số điểm ngữ pháp mới: cách thành lập danh từ số nhiều từ tính từ, cấu trúc Used to + infinitive, Which là từ nối trong câu.

Tóm tắt bài

1. Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 4 lớp 10

Phát âm /ɒ/ và /ɔ:/

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 4 Lớp 10

2.1. The + adjective

  • Danh từ tập hợp có thể được thành lập bằng cách thêm "the" vào trước tính từ
the + adjective = common noun

 

Poor ---> the poor (những người nghèo)

Rich ---> the rich (những người giàu)

Sick ---> the sick (những người ốm)

Uemployed ---> the unemployed (những người thất nghiệp)

Injured ---> the injured (những người bị thương)

Wrong ---> the wrong (những điều sai trái)

Right ---> the right (những điều đúng đắn)

  • Danh từ tập hợp được dùng như danh từ số nhiều nên động từ theo sau nó được chia ở số nhiều

The poor need help from the rich.

The wrong are to be avoided.

2.2. Used to + Infinitive

  • S + used to + infinitive
    • She used to go to school on foot.
    • I used to play soccer when I was young.
  • S + did not + use to + infinitive
    • It didn't use to work very well.
    • She didn't use to go school on foot.
  • Did + S + use to + infinitive?
    • Did it use to rain in the summer?
    • Did he use to go dancing at weekend?
  • Wh-question + did + S + use to + infinitive?
    • What did you use to do as a child?
    • Why did you use to cry as a child?

Cách dùng

  • Used to thường được dùng để diễn tả một thói quen trong quá khứ, thường là để chỉ sự tương phản với hiện tại. Trong trường hợp này không nhất thiết phải sử dụng trạng từ chỉ thời gian
    • I used to smoke 20 cigarettes a day, but now I don't smoke.
  • Used to dùng để chỉ tình trạng trong quá khứ
    • I used to own a house.
  • Phân biệt Used to và to be used to
    • used to + infinitive: diễn tả thói quen trong quá khứ
    • be used to + V-ing: chỉ 1 việc ta quen làm ở hiện tại hoặc tương lai

2.3. Which as a connector

Which được dùng để thay thế cho một mệnh đề đứng trước nó.

  • Sheila couldn't come to the party, which was a pity.
  • He can't speak English, which is disadvantage.

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 4 Lớp 10

3.1. Unit 4 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 1

Complete these sentences using the + one of the adjectives (Hoàn thành các câu này sử dụng the + một trong các tính từ:)

injured     poor     rich     sick     unemployed     young

1. The young have the future in their hands.

2. Ambulances arrived at the scene of the accident and took ______ to hospital.

3. Life is all right if you have a job, but things are not so easy for _______.

4. Julia has been a nurse all her life. She has spent her life caring for ________.

5. In England there is an old story about a man called Robin Hood. It is said that he robbed ______ and gave the money to ________.

Guide to answer

1. The young have the future in their hands.

2. Ambulances arrived at the scene of the accident and took the injured to hospital.

3. Life is all right if you have a job, but things are not so easy for the unemployed.

4. Julia has been a nurse all her life. She has spent her life caring for the sick.

5. In England there is an old story about a man called Robin Hood. It is said that he robbed the rich and gave the money to the poor.

3.2. Unit 4 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 2

Complete the sentences with used to + a suitable verb. (Hoàn thành các câu với used to + một động từ thích hợp.)

1. Dennis gave up smoking two years ago. He used to smoke 40 cigarettes a day.

2. Liz ______ a motorbike, but last year she sold it and bought a car.

3. We came to live in Manchester a few years ago. We ______ in Nottingham.

4. I rarely eat ice cream now, but I _____ it when I was a child.

5. Jim _______ my best friend, but we aren't friends any longer.

6. It only takes me about 40 minutes to get get to work since the new road was opened. It _______ more than an hour.

7. There _______ a hotel opposite the station, but it closed a long time ago.

8. When you lived in London, _______ to the theater?

Guide to answer

1. used to smoke

2. used to have

3. used to live

4. used to eat/like

5. used to be

6. used to take

7. used to be

8. did you use to go

3.3. Unit 4 Lớp 10 Language Focus Exercise 3

Join a sentence from A with one from B to make a new sentence. Use which. (Kết hợp một câu ở A với một câu ở B để làm một câu mới. Dùng which.)

Guide to answer

1. Sheila couldn't come to the party, which was a pity.

2. Jill isn't on the phone, which makes it difficult to contact her.

3. Neil has passed his examinations, which is good news.

4. Our night was delayed, which meant we had to wait for hours at the airport.

5. Ann offered to let me stay in her house, which was very nice of her.

6. The street I live in is very noisy at night, which makes it difficult to sleep.

7. Our car has broken down, which means we can't go away tomorrow.

Bài tập minh họa

Choose the correct form of the verbs.

It is sometimes said that there is nothing new in the world of fashion. Annabelle was a well-known model during; the seventies. When her children were in their early teens they (1) were enjoying,/ used to enjoy looking at her old photo albums. They (2) were finding/ found it hard to believe that she (3) was wearing/ used to wear such strange clothes. (4) Did people really use to  think/ Were people really thinking flared trousers looked good? And those-ugly platform shoes! She (5) was admitting/ admitted that people (6) were often falling/ often used to fall over because the heels were so high. In the early nineties, however. Annabelle noticed to her amusement that seventies styles (7) were/ used to be in fashion again. 'I (8) planned/ was planning to throw all my old clothes away,' she said, 'but my daughter went to a party last week, and guess what she (9) used to wear/ was wearing that's right, some of my old clothes!'.

Key

1. used to enjoy

2. found

3. used to wear

4. Were people really thinking

5. admitted

6. were often falling

7. used to be

8. planned

9. used to wear

Bài tập trắc nghiệm Language Focus Unit 4 Lớp 10

Trên đây là nội dung bài học Ngữ pháp Language Focus Unit 4 tiếng Anh lớp 10, để củng cố nội dung bài học ngữ pháp mời các em tham gia Trắc nghiệm Unit 4 lớp 10 Language Focus

Câu 4 - Câu 10: Xem trắc nghiệm để thi online

Hỏi đáp Language Focus Unit 4 Lớp 10

Trong quá trình học bài và thực hành trắc nghiệm có điểm nào còn thắc mắc các em có thể đặt câu hỏi trong mục Hỏi đáp để được sự hỗ trợ từ cộng đồng HỌC247. Chúc các em học tốt!

  • write the correct FORM of each bracketed word

    1. he is engrossed in doing ( science )................ research

    2. they entered the areas without ( permit )........

    3. he wants ( width )............his knowledge of the subject

    4. the giant panda is a(n) ( danger ) ........... species

    5. what makes the computer a ( miracle ) ...........device ?

    6. you may be surprised at the large ( varied ) ................ of animals in national parks

    7. the architecture in the downtown area is a successful ( combine ) .................of old and new

    8. he came first in the poetry ( competed ) ................

    9. street noise is one of the ( advantage ) ............... of living in a big city

    10. the vietnamese goverment has done a lot to eliminate hunger and ( poor )...............

    Theo dõi (1) 1 Trả lời
  • Chọn dạng thức của những động từ dưới đây.

          It is sometimes said that there is nothing new in the world of fashion. Annabelle was a well-known model during the seventies. When her children were in their early teens they (1) were enjoying/ used to enjoy looking at her old photo albums. They (2) were finding/ found it hard to believe that she (3) was wearing/ used to wear such strange clothes. (4) Did people  really use to thinkwere people really thinking flared trousers looked good? And those ugly platform shoes! She (5) was admitting/ admitted that people (6) were often falling/ often used to fall over because the heels were so high. In the early ninieties, however, Annabelle noticed to her amusement that seventies styles (7) were/ used to be in fashion again. ‘I (8) planned/ was planning to throw all my old clothes away,’ she said, ‘but my daughter went to a party last week, and guess what she (9) used to wear/ was wearing – that’s right, some of my old clothes!’

    Theo dõi (0) 1 Trả lời

-- Mod Tiếng Anh 10 HỌC247