YOMEDIA

Unit 15 lớp 10 Language Focus - Ngữ pháp Cities


Bài học Unit 15 Cities phần Language Focus hướng dẫn các em điểm ngữ pháp về mệnh đề quan hệ xác định và không xác định cùng với từ nối trong mệnh đề chỉ sự nhượng bộ.

Hãy đăng ký kênh Youtube HOC247 TV để theo dõi Video mới

Tóm tắt bài

1. Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10

Phát âm /θ/ - /ð/

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10

  • Non - defining and defining relative clauses (Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định và không xác định)
  • Although to connect contrasting ideas (Although nối mệnh đề trái nghĩa nhau)

2.1. Non - defining and defining relative clauses (Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định và không xác định)

a. Defining clauses (Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định)

  • Mệnh đề quan hệ xác định là mệnh đề cần phải có để xác định nghĩa cho từ đứng trước nó.
  • Ex: The woman who worked here last month has gone away. ("who worked here last month" là mệnh đề xác định không thể bỏ đi trong câu vì nó xác định nghĩa cho "the woman")

b. Non-defining relative clauses (Mệnh đề quạn hệ không xác định)

  • Mệnh đề quan hệ không xác định đứng sau một từ đã được xác định. Nó chỉ bỏ nghĩa thêm cho từ đứng trước nó và nếu bỏ đi thì nghĩa của câu vẫn rõ ràng. Mệnh đề này thường được tách biệt giữa hai dấu phẩy.
  • Ex: My father, who is a sailor, is interested in stamp collection.
    • Peter, who is a soft man, is an exciting friend.

c. Một số điểm lưu ý khi dùng mệnh đề không xác định

  • Mệnh đề không xác định đứng giữa hai dấu phẩy
  • Không dùng "that" thay thế cho "which", "who" và "whom" trong mệnh đề không xác định
  • Không lược bộ đại từ quan hệ trong mệnh đề không xác định
  • Mệnh đề không xác định được dùng chủ yếu trong văn viết. Trong văn đàm thoại người ta thường dùng hai câu đơn riêng lẻ hoặc nối với nhau bằng liên từ and, but, because,...
    • ​Ex: Trong văn viết: I miss Laura, who has helped me a lot.
      • Trong văn nói: I met Tam and she has helped me a lot.

2.2. Although as a contrasting connector

Mệnh đề chỉ sự nhượng bộ bắt đầu bằng though, although, even if, despite, in spite of, however, whatever. Trong bài học đề cập đến Although để nối câu trong mệnh đề nhượng bộ.

  • Form: Although + S + V, S + V
  • Ex: Although it rained heavily, they went out with their friends.

3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10

3.1. Unit 15 Language Focus Exercise 1

Underline the relative clauses in these sentences, and indicate if they are defining (D) or non-defining (ND). Add a comma where required. (Gạch dưới các mệnh đề quan hệ trong các câu sau, và chỉ rõ nếu chúng là các mệnh đề xác định (D) hay không xác định (ND). Thêm một dấu phẩy nếu cần.)

  1. Washington D.C which is located on the East Coast of the United States has many interesting and historical place to visit.
  2. Brasilia which is located on the Granada River became the capital of Brazil in 1960.
  3. Mexico City which has a population of nearly 20,000,000 is the largest metropolitan area in the world.
  4. Seoul which hosted the 1988 Summer Olympics is well-known for its shopping centers.
  5. Kyoto which used to be the capital of Japan has many temples.

Guide to answer

  1. Washington D.C, which is located on the East Coast of the United States, has many interesting and historical places to visit. (ND)
  2. Brasilia, which is located on Granada River, became to capital of Brazil in 1960. (ND)
  3. Mexico city, which has a population of nearly 20,000,000, is the largest metropolitan area in the world. (ND)
  4. Seoul, which hosted the 1988 summer Olympics, is well-known for its shopping centres. (ND)
  5. There are many temples in Kyoto, which used to be the capital of Japan. (ND)

3.2. Unit 15 Language Focus Exercise 2

Combine the following sentences using "although". (Nối các câu sau bởi sử dụng "although".)

  1. There is not much to do in the countryside. I prefer living in the countryside.
  2. There is a lot of population in Los Angeles. It is an ideal place to live.
  3. The shops are crowded. People  are not buying much.
  4. The city is a favourite tourist destination for many people. It has its problems.
  5. It is a safe neighbourhood. It is best to be careful.

Guide to answer

  1. Although there is not much to do in the countryside, I prefer living in the countryside.
  2. Although there is much pollution in Los Angeles, it is an ideal place to live.
  3. Although the shops are crowded, people are not buying much.
  4. Although the city is a favourite tourist destination for many people, it has its problems.
  5. Although it is a safe neighbourhood, it is best to be careful.
ADSENSE

Bài tập minh họa

Exercise 1: In some of these sentences you can use which/ that or who/ that; in others, only which or who is possible. Cross out that if only which or who is possible. Also, put commas (,) where necessary.

  1. I made an appointment with a doctor who/ that is considered an expert on eye disorders,
  2. I made an appointment with Dr. Raven who/ that is considered an expert on eye disorders.
  3. The car which/ that Al bought had had three previous owners, but it was in excellent condition.
  4. My car which/ that I have just bought for three months broke down just outside Omaha.
  5. Bogota which/ that is the capital of Colombia is a cosmopolitan city.
  6. They climbed Mount Rainier which/ that is in the State of Washington twice last year.
  7. We thoroughly enjoyed the music which/ that we heard at the concert last night.
  8. Violent tropical storms which/ that occur in western Asia are called typhoons.
  9. Larry was very close to his only brother who/ that was a famous social historian.
  10. I think the waiter who/ that took our order used to work at Captain Bob's Restaurant..

Key

  1. I made an appointment with a doctor who/ that is considered an expert on eye disorders,
  2. I made an appointment with Dr. Raven, who is considered an expert on eye disorders.
  3. The car which/ that Al bought had had three previous owners, but it was in excellent condition.
  4. My car, which I have just bought for three months, broke down just outside Omaha.
  5. Bogota, which is the capital of Colombia, is a cosmopolitan city.
  6. They climbed Mount Rainier, which is in the State of Washington twice last year.
  7. We thoroughly enjoyed the music which/ that we heard at the concert last night.
  8. Violent tropical storms which/ that occur in western Asia are called typhoons.
  9. Larry was very close to his only brother who/ that was a famous social historian.
  10. I think the waiter who/ that took our order used to work at Captain Bob's Restaurant.

Exercise 2: Join each pair of sentences. Be careful where you put the words in brackets.

1 . This shirt is still dirty. I've washed it twice. (even though)

2. John had the necessary qualifications. He was not hired. (even though) .

3. They drank from the stream. They knew it was polluted. (although)

4. Reid failed to score himself. He helped Jones score two goals. (although)

5. Brian went ahead with his original plan for the company. Everyone dis­agreed with him. (although)

Key

  1. This shirt is still dirty even though I've washed it twice.
  2. Even though John had the neccessary qualifications, he was not hired.
  3. They drank from the stream although they knew it was polluted.
  4. Reid failed to score himself although he helped Jones score two goals.
  5. Although everyone disagreed with him, Brian went ahead with his original plan for the company.

Bài tập trắc nghiệm Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10

Trên đây là nội dung bài học Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10, để củng cố nội dung bài học ngữ pháp mời các em tham gia thực hành Trắc nghiệm Unit 15 lớp 10 Language Focus

Câu 6 - Câu 15: Xem trắc nghiệm để thi online

Hỏi đáp Language Focus Unit 15 Lớp 10

Trong quá trình học và thực hành bài tập các em có điểm nào chưa hiểu có thể đặt câu hỏi trong mục Hỏi đáp để được sự hỗ trợ từ cộng đồng HỌC247. Chúc các em học tốt!

  • Fill the gaps to complete the phrasal verb in each sentence.

    1)Why did she ____down your invitation ?

    2)I've ______up a meeting for friday

    3)The school was too old, so they decided to ____ it down and built a new one instead.

    4)It's time for us ____up for the big reception

    5)You should ____over before you reach an important decision

    6)Can i _______ you around our company?

    7)We waited and waited but they didn't _______up until 5 p.m

    Theo dõi (0)
  • III. Give the correct form of the word in bracket (0.5p)

    1. The air is heavily …………………………. with traffic fumes. (pollute)

    2. Joyce thinks her hometown is a very ……………………place. (bore)

    IV. Choose the word that needs correcting. (1p)

    1. Although the rain, we went for a walk in the park.

    A B C D

    2. He’d like sending these postcards to Japan.

    A B C D

    3. Nam studies very hardly, so he always gets good marks.

    A B C D

    4. She has studied English grammar for seven o’clock.

    A B C D

    V. Read the passage and answer the questions. (2.5p)

    Many people who work in London prefer to live outside it, and to go into their offices, factories or schools every day by train, car or bus, even though this means they have to get up earlier in the morning and reach home later in the evening.

    One advantage of living outside London is that houses are cheaper.Even a small flat in London without a garden costs quite a lot to rent. With the same money one can get a little house in the country with a garden of one’s own. Then in the country one can rest from the noise and hurry of the town. Even though one has to get up earlier and spend more time in trains or buses, one can sleep well at night, and during weekends and summer evenings, one can enjoy the fresh, clean air of the country. If one likes gardens, one can spend one’s free time digging, planting, watering and doing other things that are needed in a garden. Then, when the flowers and the vegetables come up, one has the reward of one who has shared the secrets of Nature.

    *True (T) or false (F)

    1. ---------- One disadvantage of living outside London is that houses are expensive.

    2.--------- In the country people can rest from the noise and hurry of the town.

    3. ---------- People in the country get fresh air.

    4. ---------- People in the country usually spend their free time gardening.

    * Choose the correct answer

    5. Where do most people who work in London prefer to live?

    a. London b. London’s suburbs

    c. London’s towns d. London’s urban areas

    6. Why do they have to get up early in the morning?

    a. Because they have to catch the early train or bus.

    b. Because they want to avoid traffic-jam.

    c. Because they live far from train or bus station.

    d. Because it often takes them a lot of time to get to their offices,factories or schools.

    7. What are the advantages of living outside London?

    a. Houses are cheap b. There’s peace and quiet

    c. Air is fresh d. All are correct

    Theo dõi (0)
  • Choose the best answer by circling its corresponding letter A, B, C or D

    1. We always need more players. Why don’t you come ………………?

    A. on B. along C. with D. after

    2. Will you be home …………..dinner tonight?

    A. to B. for C. at D. on

    3. Giving a book report before the class is an interesting …………………..

    A. act B. action C. activity D. deed

    4. Do you go out ………..?

    A. in the afternoon on Fridays B. on Fridays in the afternoon

    C. on afternoons Friday D. on Friday afternoons

    5. …………….lives in a very big house

    A. A Queen of England B. Queen of England

    C. The Queen of the England D. the Queen of England

    6. On Sunday mornings I stay in bed …………..8 o’clock.

    A. until B. at C. from D. to

    7. I often ……………in winter.

    A. go playing skiing B. go skiing

    C.play skiing D. go to ski

    Theo dõi (0)

-- Mod Tiếng Anh 10 HỌC247

 

YOMEDIA