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  • Halong Bay (Bay where the dragon landed) is a small bay on the west coast of the Gulf of Tonkin in the North East Coast of Vietnam, including the sea island of Ha Long City, Cam Pha City and part of the island district. Van Don of Quang Ninh province.

    It is the center of a large area that is more or less similar in terms of geology, geomorphology, landscape, climate and culture, with Bai Tu Long Bay to the northeast and the Cat Ba Islands to the southwest, Ha Long Bay covers an area of ​​about 1,553 km² including 1,969 large and small islands, most of which are limestone islands, of which the core of the Gulf has an area of ​​335 km² with a density of 775 islands. The geological history of the limestone karst of the Gulf has been around 500 million years with very different geologic circumstances; and the full evolution of karst over 20 million years with a combination of thick limestone, hot and humid climates, and slow progression of tectonic overgrowth [2]. The combination of environment, climate, geology and geomorphology has made Ha Long Bay a convergence of biodiversity including tropical evergreen tropical rain forest ecosystems and marine and coastal ecosystems. with many ecosystems [3]. 14 endemic species and about 60 endemic species have been identified among thousands of flora and fauna populations in the Gulf.

    The results of research, archaeological and cultural studies show that the presence of prehistoric inhabitants in the Ha Long Bay region from early on, has created successive ancient cultural forms including The culture of Soi Nhu was around 18,000-7,000 BC, Cai Beo culture in the 7,000-5,000 BC and Ha Long culture around 3,500-5,000 years ago. The process of establishing the country and traditional traditions of Vietnamese nation, throughout history, also affirmed the position of money and cultural position of Ha Long Bay through the place names associated with the famous. Up to now, such as Bai Tho Mountain, Dau Go Cave, Bai Chay [7], etc. Currently, Ha Long Bay is a dynamic development area thanks to the existing conditions and advantages such as great potential in tourism, scientific research, aquaculture, fishing, navigation with North East Vietnam in particular and northern Vietnam in general [8].

    More than 500 years ago in Van Don's poem, Nguyen Trai was the first to hail Ha Long Bay as "the wonder of rock in the sky". In 1962, the Ministry of Culture and Information (HaNoi) ranked Halong Bay as a national-level monument and a protection zone [10]. In 1994, the core zone of Ha Long Bay was recognized by UNESCO as a World Natural Heritage with aesthetic value (vii), and was re-recognized for the second time with exceptional global geo-geological value. (viii) in 2000 [11]. Along with Nha Trang Bay and Lang Co Bay of Vietnam, Ha Long Bay is one of 29 bays ranked by the World's Most Beautiful Bays Club and officially recognized in July 2003.

    Ha Long Bay along with Cat Ba island formed one of the first 21 national tourist sites in Vietnam. In 2015, the Department of Cultural Heritage announced the number of visitors to Ha Long Bay is over 2.5 million visitors

      bởi Dương Đoàn Bảo Sơn 26/02/2019
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  • The surface of Lake Sword is still shimmering, and it radiates the scent of the scent of the Capital ... "Referring to Hanoi is the image of the Blue Lake and the inclined Turtle Tower shaped. Its structure has become a beautiful and sacred symbol of Hanoi - the pink heart of the country.

    Ho Guom has existed for a long time. About 6 centuries ago, according to current places, the lake consists of two long sections running from Hang Dao Street, through Hai Ba Trung, Ly Thuong Kiet and Hang Chuoi Street, connecting with the Red River. Lake water is green all year round, so Sword Lake is also called Luc Thuy lake.

    In the fifteenth century, the lake was renamed to Hoan Kiem Lake. The event was associated with the legend of paying the god sword to the Golden Turtle of the king of the Later Le dynasty - the hero of the Lam Son rebellion against the Minh enemy (1417-1427), Le Loi. Legend has it that when Le Loi rebelled in Lam Son, there were people searching for a sword, then he picked up a hilt in the forest. When the tongue is attached to the sword hilt, the body of the sword lights up the words "Thuận Thiên" - "Thuận according to heaven". This precious sword followed Le Loi during the resistance against the Minh invaders. When he took the throne to the capital in Thang Long, once the king went sailing on Luc Thuy Lake, a turtle suddenly appeared. The turtle reached his head and said: "Please lower the sword for Long Quan". Le Thai To understood the incident and drew his sword from the shell, raised his sword, the sword flew towards the turtle. The tortoise groping the sword dives to the bottom of the lake, and from there, Luc Thuy Lake has a new name called Hoan Kiem Lake (paying sword) or Sword Lake. This unique legend has affirmed Thang Long people's love for peace and hate war - Hanoi in particular and the people of Vietnam in general. This story was emphasized in the feast of Hanoi to receive the title "City for Peace".

    Later, also in the Le Dynasty, the lake was also used as a training ground for the navy so it was sometimes called Ho Thuy Quan.

    Hoan Kiem Lake is a famous landmark of Hanoi. Planting a variety of flowers and ornamental plants around the lake. These are the deadly rows of willows, the tilted branches of buds pouring flowers to shine under the lake. In the middle of the lake, there is a Turtle Tower, next to the lake, there is Ngoc Son Temple, "The Tower of Penitra has not been frayed" ... The image of the Sword Lake shimmering like a beautiful mirror in the heart of the city has come to many people in Hanoi. . People in Hanoi living in the area around the lake have a habit of going here to exercise early in the morning, especially in the summer. They called the neighborhoods around the lake, Bo Ho.

    Not the largest lake in the Capital, but with a special origin, Hoan Kiem Lake has been associated with many people's lives and minds. The lake is located in the center of a district with narrow streets, opening a large space for native cultural activities. The lake has many beautiful scenes. And moreover, the lake is associated with the legend, a symbol of peaceful desire (to pay the pen of the pen), the martial arts virtue of the nation (the sacred sword at the bottom of the lake and the pen tower written on the blue sky). Therefore, many artists took the image of Sword Lake as the foundation for their works. Poet Tran Dang Khoa once wrote:

    "Hanoi has Ho Guom

    Green water like ink

    By the lake of the Fountain Tower

    Write poetry to the sky "

    And so, Ho Guom will live in the subconscious of every citizen of the Capital in particular and the people in the whole country in general as a sacred symbol of national history and traditions of the nation.

      bởi ミ★Bạch Kudo★彡 07/07/2019
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