Lý thuyết và bài tập ôn thi HK1 Tiếng Anh lớp 10

Tải về

Mời các em tham khảo tài liệu ôn tập Tiếng Anh lớp 10 HK1 bao gồm lý thuyết và một số bài tập gợi ý có đáp án.

LÝ THUYẾT VÀ BÀI TẬP ÔN THI HK1 TIẾNG ANH LỚP 10

1. TENSES AND PASSIVE VOICE

TENSE

ACTIVE

PASSIVE

 

Hiện tại đơn

S +V / Vs(es) + O   ----------->

People grow tea in Moc Chau. ----->

My mother cleans the house twice a day.

So+ am/is/ are +Ved /V3 +(BY+ Os)

Tea is grown in Moc Chau.

The house is cleaned twice a day.

 

Quá khứ đơn

S +Ved / V2 + O ---------->

They cleaned that window yesterday.-->

To Ngoc Van drew those pictures. ------->

So + was/were+Ved /V3 + (BY+ Os)

That window was cleaned yesterday.

Those pictures were drawm by To Ngoc Van.

 

Hiện tại tiếp diễn

S + am/is/ are +  Ving + O --------->

They are building a new school.  -------->

I am opening a letter.  --------------------->

So + am/is/ are + being +Ved / 3rd  + (BY+ Os)

A new school is being built.

A letter is opening (by me).

Quá khứ tiếp diễn

S + was/were +Ving + O --------->

The secretary was opening the mail at 8p.m yesterday.                                             --->

So +was/were+ being +Ved /3rd +(BY+ Os)

                                                                                                                                            The mail was being opened at 8p.m yesterday. 

Hiện tại hoàn thành

S + have/has +Ved / V3 + O ->

Someone has cleaned the window.

The students haven't done exercises.

So + have/has+been +Ved / V3  + (BY+ Os)

The window has been cleaned.

Exercises haven't been done (by the students).

Tương lai đơn

S + will/ shall + V1 + O ->

They will build a new bridge next month.

So + will/shall + be+ Ved /V3+(BY+ Os)

A new bridge will be built next month.

 

Tương lai gần

S +am/is/ are +going to +V1 + O ->                  

 

She is going to type the report.

The students are going to hold the meeting.

So+am/is/are+going to +be + Ved/V3 +(BY+ Os)

The report is going to be typed by her.

The meeting is going to be held by the students.

have

has

had     + to

used

 

       have/has

S + had        + to + V1 + O                    

       used

I have to write a report.                          -->

He has to wash the car.                          --->

My brother had to do a lot of exercises. -->

      have/has

So + had  + to +be + Ved/V3  + (BY+ Os)

       used

A report has to be written ( by me).

The car has to be washed (by him).

A lot of exercises had to do by my brother.

Động từ khiếm khuyết

        can/ could

S +  may          + V1 + O                   

        must

        should

You can't wash this desk.                       -->

We should clean our classroom every day.

You must leave your raincoat outside the room.

They may use this room for the classroom.

        can/ could

So + may          + be+ Ved /V3 +

        must              (BY+ Os)                   

        should

This desk can,t be washed.

Our classroom should be cleaned every day.

Your raincoat must be left outside the room.

 

This room may be used for the classroom.

 

I/ Put verbs in the correct tense forms.

1. Up to now, the teacher (give). . .  . . . . . .. . . . our class 5 tests.

2. Long ago, my younger brother often (cry). . .  . . . . . .. . . .

3. David ( be ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . born after his father ( die ). . .  . . . . . .. . . .

4. When I ( be ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . a child, I ( want ). . .  . . . . . .. . . . to be a doctor

5. Please be quiet! I ( work ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . .

6. Mary ( come ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . from London

7. Sometimes I ( get ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . up before the sun ( rise )………..

8. I’m preparing to support anything he ( say ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . tomorrow

9. At 4 p.m yesterday? Well, I ( work ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . in my office at that time

10. The audience ( listen ) . . .  . . . . . .. . . . to everything he said last night

Trên đây là trích dẫn tài liệu nhằm giúp các em ôn tập chuẩn bị cho kì thi HK1 sắp tới trong chương trình Tiếng Anh lớp 10. Để xem đầy đủ nội dung tài liệu các em vui lòng đăng nhập website hoc247.net chọn Xem online hoặc Tải về. Chúc các em học tốt!