Unit 5 lớp 11 Language Focus - Ngữ pháp Illiteracy


Bài học Language Focus Unit 5 lớp 11 - Illiteracy giúp các em làm quen và ôn tập với điểm ngữ pháp về câu tường thuật với động từ nguyên mẫu.

Tóm tắt bài

1. Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 5 Lớp 11

Phát âm /pl/- /bl/ - /pr/ - /br/

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 5 Lớp 11

Reported Speech with infinitive(s) (Câu tường thuật với động từ nguyên mẫu)

Dưới đây là loại câu tường thuật với động từ nguyên mẫu

a. Reported orders and requests (Tường thuật mệnh lệnh và yêu cầu)

Với loại tường thuật này chúng ta có thể sử dụng mẫu tường thuật: to tell/ask someone to do sth (bảo/yêu cầu ai làm gì)

Direct Speech Reported Speech

"Please wait for a minute."

"You must listen to your dad."

"Would you mind opening the door."

The man asked me to wait for a minute.

My teacher told me to listen to my dad.

She asked me to open the door.

Dạng phủ định: to tell/ask sb not to do sth (bảo/yêu cầu ai đừng làm gì)

Direct Speech Reported Speech

"Please don't talk in class."

"You mustn't come home late."

He asked me not to talk in class.

My mom asked me not to come home late.

 

b. Reported offers and suggestions (Tường thuật đề nghị giúp đỡ và sự đề nghị)

Chúng ta sử dụng các động từ offer (đề nghị giúp đỡ), promise (hứa), refuse (từ chối), agree (đồng ý), threaten (đe dọa) với động từ nguyên mẫu

Direct Speech Reported Speech

"We'll visit you."

"Let me help you."

She promised to visit us.

He offered to help me.

Chúng ta có thể sử dụng mẫu: reported verb + object + to do something sau các động từ tường thuật sau các động từ tường thuật remind (nhắc nhở), warn (cảnh báo), advise (khuyên bảo), invite (mời)

Direct Speech Reported Speech

"Don't stay up late."

"Would you like to go out with me."

Mom reminded me not to stay up late.

He invited me to go out with him.

 

3. Language Focus Exercise Unit 5 Lớp 11

3.1. Unit 5 Lớp 11 Language Focus Exercise 1

Complete the second sentence so that it has a similar meaning to the first one, using the words given. (Hoàn thành câu thứ hai để nó có cùng nghĩa với câu đầu, sử dụng các từ đã cho.)

1. "We'll come back again."

They promised ______

2. "You'd better not swim too far from the shore," the lifeguard said to us.

The lifeguard advised _______.

3. "Could you close the window?" John said to Peter.

John asked _______.

4. "You should join the football team, Eric," said the teacher.

The teacher encouraged _______.

5. "I'll give it to him tomorrow," John said.

John promised ________.

6. "I'd like Lan to become a doctor," my mom said.

My mom wanted _______.

7. "Remember to lock the door before going to school," my sister said.

My sister reminded _______.

8. "You should go home and rest for a while," said the boss.

His boss advised _______.

Guide to answer

1. They promised to come back again.

2. The lifeguard advised US not to swim too far from the shore.

3. John asked Peter to close the window.

4. The teacher encouraged Eric to join the football team.

5. John promised to give it to him the next day.

6. My mum wanted Lan to become a doctor.

7. My sister reminded me to lock the door before going to school.

8. His boss advised him to go home and rest for a while.

3.2. Unit 5 Lớp 11 Language Focus Exercise 2

Write the following sentences in reported speech, using the right form of the words given in the brackets. (Viết các câu sau ở thể tường thuật, sử dụng dạng đúng của các từ đã cho trong ngoặc.)

1. "You should not drink too much beer." (Advise)

_______________

2. "Come and see me whenever you want." (Invite)

______________

3. "Please don't smoke in my car." (Ask)

_______________

4. "Sue, give me your phone number." (Tell)

______________

5. "Don't forget to give the book back to Joe." (Remind)

________________

6. "I'll never do it again." (Promise)

________________

7. "All right, I'll wait for you." (Agree)

________________

8. "Please, lend me some money." (Ask)

_______________

Guide to answer

1. advise

→ He advised me not to drink too much beer.

2. invite

→ She invited me to come and see her whenever I wanted.

3. want

→ Phuong wanted me not to smoke in his car.

4. tell

→ He told Sue to give him her phone number.

5. remind

→ He reminded me to give the book back to Joe.

6. promised

→ He promised not to do it again.

7. agree

→ He agreed to wait for me.

8. ask

→ Tuan asked her to lend him some money.

Bài tập minh họa

Report each sentence using the verbs below and a to-infinitive clause. Use each verb once only. If necessary, add an appropriate object after the verb.

advise       agree    ask       call on       propose        hope     order      urge

volunteer     warn          remind         invite          threaten      offer       promise

1. 'If I were you, I'd read the exam questions very carefully.'

He ................................................................................................................

2. 'Be quiet!'

He ................................................................................................................

3. 'The theater will be built next to' the town hall.'

They ..............................................................................................................

4. 'Okay, I'll collect David from school.'

He ................................................................................................................

5. 'Please stay for a few more days.'

She ..............................................................................................................

6. 'TH fight the ban on smoking in public places.'

He ................................................................................................................

7. 'I imagine I'll see Olivia at the party.'

He ................................................................................................................

8. 'Can you lend me ten pounds?'

He ................................................................................................................

9. 'The government should do more to help the homeless.'

He ................................................................................................................

10. 'I'll take the children into town.'

He ................................................................................................................

11. 'Don't swim out too far, boys.'

He ..................................................................................................................

12. 'Don't forget to go to the supermarket after work.'

She ..............................................................................................................

13. 'Would you like to come on a picnic with us, Jane?'

He ................................................................................................................

14. 'If you can't find anyone else, I'll drive you to the airport.'

He ................................................................................................................

15. 'I won't give you the money back if you keep on at me.'

He ................................................................................................................

Key

1. He advised us to read the exam questions very carefully.

2. He ordered us to be quiet.

3. They proposed to build the theater next to the town hall.

4. He agreed to collect David from school.

5. She urged me to stay for a few more days.

6. He promised to fight the ban on smoking in public places.

7. He hoped to se? Olivia at the party.

8. He asked me to lend him ten pounds./ He asked to borrow ten pounds.

9. He called on the government to do more to help the homeless.

10. He offered to take the children into town.

11. He warned the boys not to swim too far.

12. She reminded me to go to the supermarket after work.

13. He invited Jane to come on a picnic with them.

14. He volunteered to drive me to the airport (if I couldn't find anyone else).

15. He threatened not to give me/ us the money back (if I/ we kept on at him).

Bài tập trắc nghiệm Language Focus Unit 5 Lớp 11

Đây là nội dung chính của toàn bộ bài học Language Focus Unit 5 tiếng Anh lớp 11, để củng cố nội dung bài học ngữ pháp mời các em tham gia thực hành Trắc nghiệm Unit 5 lớp 11 Language Focus

Câu 2 - Câu 10: Xem trắc nghiệm để thi online

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  • Report these sentences. Choose the most appropriate reporting verb in parentheses. Make it active or passive as appropriate.

    1. The teacher said to Jim, 'Would you give your book to Mary, please?' (ask/ Tell/ order)

    The teacher ___________

    1. The sign said, 'No parking in this area. Violators will be towed away.' (invite/ warn/ force)

    Drivers ___________

    1. The fire chief said, 'Everyone must leave the building immediately.' (order/ remind/ allow)

    Everyone __________

    1. Before Bobby went to bed, his father said, 'Don't forget to brush your teeth.'  (invite/ allow/ remind)

    Before Bobby went to bed, his father ___________

    1. The teacher said to the students, 'You will have exactly one hour to complete the exam.' (order/ expect/ warn) .

    The students _____________

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