Tài liệu bổ trợ và bài tập Unit 1 tiếng Anh lớp 12

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1. Ngữ âm

Cách phát âm đuôi ‘s’:

A. 4 trường hợp:

+ Danh từ số nhiều:

Ex: How many penS are there in your schoolbag?

+ Động từ thời hiện tại đơn sau chủ ngữ ngôi thứ 3 số ít:

Ex: He goES to school by bus.

+ Sở hữu cách của danh từ:

Ex: Mary’S brother is a doctor.

+ Dạng rút gọn của “is” hoặc “has”:

Ex: He’S been a famous student since he was 15 years old.


2. Ngữ pháp và cấu trúc

Tense Revision 

a) Past Simple Tense


S + V-2/ed     


S + did not / didn’t + V


Did + S + V?

*Một số dấu hiệu nhận biết Thì quá khứ đơn: yesterday, the other day, last night, last week, three days ago, a few minutes ago, in (year), from (year) to (year), etc.

b) Past Continuous (Progressive) Tense


S + was / were + V-ing          


S + wasn’t / weren’t (was not / were not) + V-ing


Was / Were + S + V-ing?

*Một số dấu hiệu nhận biết Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn: While, when, at that time, at + time in the past.

*Nhớ rằng không được sử dụng Thì quá khứ tiếp diễn với các động từ như seem, know, feel, hear, smell, taste, hate, hope, mean, prefer, love, like, etc.

c) Present Perfect Tense


S + has / have + V-3/ed         


S + hasn’t / haven’t (has not / have not) + V-3/ed


Has / Have + S + V-3/ed?

*Một số dấu hiệu nhận biết Thì hiện tại hoàn thành: just, recently, lately, already, before, ever, never, for + time (for a year, for a long time, …), since + time (since 2000, since June, …), yet, so far = until now = up to now = up to the present, etc.



I. Choose the best answer for each of the following sentences.

1. Tom: “Was John at the party when you arrived?” – Linda: “No, he ______ home.”

A. went

B. was going

C. has gone

D. had gone

2. She ______ the piano when she was a child.

A. played

B. was playing

C. has played

D. had played

3. Someone ______ my bike! Now I’ll have to walk home.

A. steals

B. stolen

C. has stolen

D. had stolen

4. In the middle of the night, I _____ on the sofa when someone ______ at the door.

A. had slept – was knocking

B. was sleeping – knocked

C. slept – was knocking

D. was sleeping – had knocked

5. By the time my brother _____to the airport, he _____ some new books for his study at the university.

A. went – have bought

B. had gone – bought

C. went – had bought

D. was going – was buying

6. _______ the eldest child, you should be setting a good example to your younger brother.

A. Be

B. Is

C. To Be

D. Being

7. Many people are ready to ______ to improve health care around the world.

A. gather heads

B. consider legs

C. open hearts

D. join hands

8. They closed the road in an ______ to reduce traffic in the city.

A. attempt

B. advance

C. effort

D. ability

9. I am ______ a lot of study pressure because I am now in my final year at the secondary school.

A. above

B. with

C. under

D. on

10. My mother need someone dependable to _______ the children while she is at work.

A. look up

B. look after

C. look into

D. look on

11. Laura: “______ do you throw a party in your garden?” – Peter: “Twice a month.”

A. How rarely

B. How far

C. How long

D. How often

12. Because they are a ______ and supportive of one another, they often share their feelings and whenever problems come up, they discuss them frankly and quickly find solutions.

A. close-knit

B. close-founded

C. close-worn

D. close-made

13. We are fed up ______ your perpetual moaning.

A. with

B. by

C. of

D. at

14. As there was no transport of any kind, he had to make the journey ______ foot.

A. by

B. at

C. on

D. with

15. He is not willing _______ the risk of losing his money.

A. afforded

B. afford

C. to afford

D. affording

16. Dentists recommend brushing teeth with a fluoride toothpaste to ______ them from decay.

A. defend

B. protect

C. arm

D. guard

17. My older brother has recently ______ golf to provide himself with some relaxation.

A. taken on

B. taken over

C. taken with 

D. taken up

18. The management has authorized wage increase for all ______.

A. employees

B. employers

C. citizens

D. residents

19. These measures have been taken with a ______ to increasing the company’s profits.

A. view

B. purpose

C. goal

D. reason

20. This is ______ the best eel soup I have ever eaten.

A. by rights

B. by all means

C. by the way

D. by far

21. We both ______ an attempt to be friendly despite recent arguments.

A. took

B. made

C. did

D. led

22. It is ______ pity that you cannot go out with my friends.

A. so

B. many a

C. such as

D. such a

23. According to the boss, John is the most _______ for the position of executive secretary.

A. comfortable

B. suitable

C. caring

D. supportive

24. I would rather ______ at than quarrel with him.

A. laugh

B. laughing

C. be laughed

D. being laughed

25. If you want to be an actor you have to really ______ yourself to it.

A. commit

B. conform

C. admit

D. adapt

26. I’m feeling a bit _______ the weather, I think I’m getting a cold.

A. with

B. for

C. upon

D. under

27. The young birds manage to fly several kilometres at their first ______.

A. try

B. attempt

C. doing

D. aim

28. The ______ listened attentively to every word the vicar said in his sermon.

A. sightseers 

B. congregation

C. spectators

D. audience

29. Luckily I was wearing a seat belt. If I hadn’t been wearing one, I _____ seriously.

A. would be injured

B. will have been injured

C. will be injured

D. would have been injured

30. Not ______ did she refuse to speak to him, but she also vowed never to see him again.

A. even              B. only          C. at all          D. always

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